Saturday, June 27, 2020

Ethics & Politics of War Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki - 6050 Words

Ethics & Politics of War: Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Term Paper Sample) Content: History Final PaperBetty GranvilleInstitution of AffiliationAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima and NagasakiIt was the death of Americas president Franklin Roosevelt that paved way for the Harry Truman regime in 1945. Less than a month later he was to decide on a move to tame Japan with an atomic bomb as the main option, even though it could have been considered that Truman made a hasty decision, he acted in full capacity and gave a nod to the move as one of the measures to putting an end the World War II. Just as planned the bomb was dropped causing damages so severe that it was estimated that a total of 242,000 people succumbed to its effects. Japan having no better option was forced to surrender.The move of the Truman administration was commended by many and it some was viewed as perfect solution considering that many lives would have been lost was it not for this move. A post by Fortune Magazine Poll (1945, P.42) showed that only 5% of those who were interviewed had an op inion against the bombing while 54% supported the move whole-heartedly. There was a lot that even felt like the two bombing were just not enough and that more bombs should have been dropped on Japan before the country gave in. Those of contrary opinion argued that instead of the atomic bomb United States should have opted for mild measures such as; bombing of cities with less severe explosives, large-scale invasion into Japan or even the placement of sanctions against the country in order to provoke them to submission. Since the time of the incident there certainly has been a never ending debate on which ought to have been the best approach to taming Japan. This piece of work takes sides with the move the former American president made and does not support those who associate His move to war crime. The best description to Trumans decision can be a rational and a reasonable choice.First and foremost according to the dictionary the word reasonable can best be described as sensible, r ational, governed by reasoning in acting or thinking, moderate and fair (Funk wagnalls, Text ed). The time in history with which Truman lived left no option for a better choice to go for because Japan was characterized by a do or die attitude that no matter what befell them they would never give in. This was evident in scenarios of battles whereby even after the nation lost it always seemed not to give up. On the American side there was mounting pressure to end the war now that they had emerged victorious in Europe. Truman was indeed laden with a huge burden such that unless he employed wit in deciding of what was best then tragedy would befall his administration. As a result he settled for the decision to bomb Nagasaki and Hiroshima.We rule out the description of bombing Japan as mere war by first determining how reasonable the decision made was however, by the fact that we consider a choice reasonable it does not warrant it being considered just. And in order to come to such a conclusion we have to balance competing interests. In this scenario to determine whether the decision was just the Just War Theory and Natural Law Tradition will be used. Some argue that the decision chosen was contrary to the principles of discrimination and proportionality which are a part of the Just War Theory. According to Amstutz (2005, 110) the Just War Theory is founded on the basis that, a countrys decision for war is legitimate when it serves the legitimate purpose.Moreover, under this theory war between two countries is not viewed as evil instead is recognized instrument of conduct between the two. Therefore, when adopting the Just War Theory it is imperative to ensure that the decision settled for is in tandem with principles of morality.The theory is divided into two main segments: jus ad bellum, the justice of going to war, and the jus in bello, justice in war time (Amstutz 2005, 2010). Both segments have conditions to be followed for a decision to be deemed just.Acco rding to Professor Mark Amstutz jus ad bellum can better be understood as:1. Just Cause: The only legitimate justification for war is to deter aggression, to defend against unjust attack, or to right a grievous wrong. . . . Aggression is immoral and gives rise to a just cause to resist by force.2. Competent authority: The use of force is morally permissible only when it is legitimate, that is, authorized by government.3. Right intention: A war is just only if it seeks to restore a just peace. The goal of war must be to right the evil that justifies war in the first instance.4. Limited objectives: A war is just only if its goals are limited. An unconditional, unlimited war of attrition is morally unacceptable. Additionally, goals and means must be proportionate.5. Last resort: Before a state can legitimately resort to war, it must exhaust all peaceful means.6. Reasonable hope of success: The use of force against an aggressor must have a reasonable chance of success. A war that is un likely to achieve its limited goals is immoral. (Amstutz 2005, 111)Whereas the criteria under jus in bello are:1. Discrimination: Military force must be applied only against the political leadership and military forces of the state. Every effort must be made to discriminate between combatants and noncombatants, soldiers and civilians, to minimize civilian casualties. Direct attacks against civilian targets, such as neighborhoods, hospitals, and schools, are morally impermissible. Indiscriminate destruction of cities is similarly impermissible. 1 Proportionality: The destruction inflicted by military forces in war must be proportional to the goals they are seeking to realize. An indiscriminate war of attrition that seeks to eliminate the enemy altogether is not morally justified. The goal should be to use the minimum level of violence to achieve the limited aims of a war.Amstutz points out that under the discrimination criterion civilian casualties are allowed on condition that they are an unintentional by-product of the intentional targeting of military forces (2005, 111nb). Since the American bombing is within the American political and military conduct during war (jus in bello) It is empty to argue that Americas declaration of war (jus ad bellum) against Japan was wrong because the latter did so in a bid to defend itself from the pearl Harbor Attack.A second point of argument is centered on the discrimination and proportionality criteria in jus in bello or War Conduct Law. Takaki (1995) reiterates that it is easier to judge the credibility a countrys decision to be engaged in war than it is when it practically is involved in combat. Part of the argument is that at the event of war there is always an increase in the number of casualties for the nations involved as a result it provokes the nations involved to use every inch of power within their means in order to cripple its foe. Moreover, during the war the two nations were involved in demeaning insults again st each other and this provoked the United States even moreIraq /Afghanistan WarsThe War on TerrorJust like in the case of bombing in Japan by America, lately there have been conflicting opinions on the moral legitimacy of the American involvement in war on terror in Afghanistan and Iraq. Statistics by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq shows that in the year 2016 death of civilians totaled 6,492 while the 16 years war on terror in Afghanistan reported 3,498 casualties in the same year (Andrew, 2017, Para. 14). Historically the war on terror was ushered in during President Bushs administration in the 2002 National Security Strategy, under the pretext of pre-emptive self defense. This approach was followed by a huge debate in the world of Political theories, the Just War theory being the major center of argument.This segment constitutes an analysis of the premises upon which the doctrine of pre-emption is built that make it legitimate. Even though there have been members who are against pre-emption and consider it illegal quite good number have embraced it with the argument that it is a part of the international law used to cater for the modern acts of terrorism. Moreover, the reasoning is that the contemporary society has new forms of terror therefore demanding a change in the existing old laws. Pre-emption as depicted by Iraq and Afghanistan scenarios reminds of the beginning of contemporary International law. Previously it was that before a country reacts to an adversary it first needed to wait to be attacked. As a pioneer of the pre-emptive approach the United States has been a great believer of the application of pre-emptive approach to stop an adversary that is deemed a huge threat to its security.The pre-emptive/anticipatory approach has always brought about a challenge to the Just War theory, international lawyers alike. Richard Tuck (2014) argues that the pre-emption doctrine is clearly a morally fraught matter, as by definition the aggress or has not been harmed, and his judgment and the necessity of his actions might well be called into question by both the victim and the neutral observer. On the contrary international lawyers hold that self-defense should be allowed since it does not add up for a nation to wait for an attack so that it can avenge. The famous Daniel Webster too supports that pre-emptive self defense is legal and necessary in the event, that there is limited option to choose from. The Bush doctrine advanced further by stating that the US will not use force in all cases to preempt emerging threats, nor should nations use preemption as a pretext for aggression. (Hew, 2005, P. 52)Pre-emption and ImperialismIn as much as proponents of the pre-emptiv...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

College Essay Help Tips & Guide

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Monday, May 18, 2020

Reflective Essay Reflective Summary - 1155 Words

y K Reflective Summary of Role Play May 17, 2012†¢ 1140 Words†¢ 5 Pages As a student, in the beginning of my professional career, writing reflection seems a sensible idea to record learning experience. The early stages of any career would play important role in learning as one settles into the ways of profession. The complex part is recognizing such experience and implementing on practice. In this reflection, I will be discussing about the role play we have had last week in our classroom. Gibbs (1998) reflective cycle will be utilized as it illustrates a clear structure for the process of reflection which includes six main stages; description of the event, feelings, evaluation, description (analysis to†¦show more content†¦We finally prepared by ourselves and had little rehearsal on the same day of interview. Feelings: During role play, I was appointed to be the interviewee. Initially, I was a bit hesitant to take up the role since I believe that the interviewee has the main role in interview to influence the evaluator. I was bit nervous and pan ic as I did not have enough rehearsal. Norcross Sayette (2011, P.105) mentioned that â€Å"as with anything else in the application process the more you prepare the more confident and less nervous you will feel†. On the other hand, as we all have individual characteristics and way of thinking, it was challenging for me to communicate effectively with my partner and reach on conclusion which made me feel frustrated in some extent. During presentation, despite my frequent mental reminders, I guess my nervousness got the better of me and I ended up with short answers. Evaluation: Since I have had very few rehearsals and experience of real interview, I believed that it was well done despite some shortcomings. The questions were relevant to the position interviewed for however; there was lack of analysis of the answers at a professional standard. As an interviewee, although I spoke fluently in general, the perfectionist in me was not happy that there were few occasion when I stum bled over my words and had to pause to recall my answers. On the other hand, interviewer was encouraging and made me feelShow MoreRelatedReflective Summary Of Strategic HRM MHancock Essay965 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿ Reflective Summary of Strategic HRM Meredith Hancock Grand Canyon University: MGT-434 1/11/15 Professor Mike Crawford Reflective Summary Introduction: The Organization evaluation is used to assess the overall performance of The Cellular Store. This performance review is based on the performance management, retention, diversity management, and hiring. This evaluation pays a vital role in employee raises, promotions, and company growth. The objectives established for this yearRead MoreReflective Summary of Clinical Supervision Model Essay2023 Words   |  9 PagesSummary of Clinical Supervision Cycle Introduction The clinical supervision model for conducting observations has been used in the education field for decades. Clinical supervision involves a teacher receiving information from an administrator, colleague, peer coach, or mentor, who has observed the teachers performance and who serves as both a mirror and a sounding board to aid the teacher in critical examination of a specific aspect of their instruction and possibly alter his or her own professionalRead MoreThe And Structure Of The Intellectual Argument888 Words   |  4 PagesWhen you write a persuasive essay, it’s good to think about how you will construct your argument, from the way you will organize your key points to how and where you will disprove opposing views. A lot of students find it hard to identify what it is that makes a good piece of essay writing. At the core of such writing, it is the nature and structure of the intellectual argument. So, what is an argument? An argument is well defined as giving of reasons, evidence and support for a claim that somethingRead MoreThe History Of Electronic Portfolios706 Words   |  3 Pagesduring a term. †¢ To shows their competence in a variety of genres (such as lab reports, essays, resumes, and research-based arguments); and †¢ To show their ability to revise texts for different purposes and audiences. Each of the students might include a midterm test, a project summary, three journal entries, and printouts of a PowerPoint presentation. The portfolios then culminate in final reflective essays in which the students refer to these exhibits as they assess and comment on: †¢ Their understandingRead MoreDtlls Study Skills Assignment Essay1712 Words   |  7 PagesSKILLS The aim of this essay is to give the reader an overview of the types of study skills necessary for a student to study for and attain a Diploma in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector. In it I will discuss my personal approach to study and the study skills I need to use on the programme. The essay will highlight the skills I feel are my current strengths and draw attention to the areas I need to develop. I will briefly describe and evaluate some different reflective models and in relationRead MoreSylabus Essay3948 Words   |  16 Pagesresearched essay, with opportunities for response and revision †¢ A minimum of 5000 total words (roughly 20 total pages of written work), as made clear by the grading procedures Grading Procedure: Your assignments will be evaluated according to the department rubric established for Composition II. Written work will provide the major basis for the course grade. The grade percentages for the areas of work are as follows: Assignments Percentage Outcome Summary/CritiqueRead MoreEssay on Reflection: Education and Culturally Diverse Students634 Words   |  3 PagesRunning head: Reflection Application: Reflective Essay Pamela Harvey Walden University EDUC-6650H-1 Enhancing Learning through Linguistic and Cultural Diversity Dr. Marylou Dantonio June 22, 2011 Reflection Reflective Essay This course has really enlightened my view of being able to learn the value of linguistic and cultural diversity and the influential learning opportunities it gives today’s classrooms and schools. We as teacher educators were allowed to examine ourRead MoreTypes of Cognitive Strategies1083 Words   |  4 Pagespositive aspects of online learning and courses. This article study has detailed result including numerous charts and data. This will allow the reader to get a more extensive knowledge on the study and it would also assist me with writing a more detailed essay on learning styles. Source #2(Scholarly article): Assessing the effects of different multimedia materials on emotions and learning performance for visual and verbal learning styles learners In our current educational environment the amountRead MoreReflective Essay : Charter Oak State College Essay3135 Words   |  13 PagesFinal Reflective Essay Week 8 Final Reflective Essay Dolly Olmo Charter Oak State College Abstract My desire was to challenge myself and pursue my belief in life-long learning. And yes, the last eight weeks have definitely been a challenge intellectually in IDS 101. After the first two weeks of school, I seriously questioned why I would go back to school at fifty-one years of age for personal satisfaction. The days were long and I wasn’t sure I still had the self-discipline and determination thatRead MoreCross 9e TBB Ch03 Essay2536 Words   |  11 Pagessettled before trial. answer: F PAGES: Introduction TYPE: + BUSPROG: Reflective AICPA: BB-Risk Analysis 2. Litigation is the process of resolving a dispute through the court system. answer: T PAGES: Section 1 TYPE: N BUSPROG: Reflective AICPA: BB-Risk Analysis 3. In mediation, the mediator proposes a solution and makes a decision resolving the dispute. answer: F PAGES: Section 1 TYPE: + BUSPROG: Reflective AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking 4. A mini-trial is a private proceeding in

Friday, May 15, 2020

Bib 104 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project - 940 Words

BIBL 104 February 15, 2015 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project Genesis The book of Genesis is one of the better-known books of the Bible. Not only is it the first book of the Bible it is also the first documentation of our existence. The book was originally written in Hebrew with the title of bereshit, which means â€Å"in the beginning.† ( While the author of Genesis is never actually named, it is believed that Moses wrote the book of Genesis. In Acts 7:22 Luke recaps that Moses was trained in the â€Å"wisdom of the Egyptians† and was the only one who was prepared to integrate and understand the manuscripts and oral narratives in the Pentateuch. Only Moses was qualified enough to be given the task of writing Israel’s†¦show more content†¦The sea is known for its violent storms because of the difference in temperatures. Hills and mountains that reach nearly 2,000 feet high on the east side bound the sea. Another contributing factor to the storms is that the Sea of Galilee is only about 200 feet at its deepest, w hich causes the wind to create violent waves. The Sea of Galilee is where Jesus performed many of His miracles. Four of apostles-Peter, Andrew, James, and John came to Jesus after he stilled a ragging storm; this is also, where Jesus and Peter walked on water. The Sea of Galilee also is the backdrop for feeding 5,000 people with only a loaf of bread and two fish. This is also, where Mary of Magdala was from. The Sea of Galilee is present throughout the Bible it is referenced in Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Number, Deuteronomy, Joshua, and 1 Kings. Works Cited The Sea of Galilee in the Bible. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2015, from The Sea Of Galilee. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2015, from Sea of Galilee. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2015, from Zavada, J. (n.d.). Bible Facts About Noah and the Ark. Retrieved February 15, 2015, from Deem, R. (n.d.). Who Was Noah? Retrieved February 15, 2015,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sartre s Theory Of The Radical Freedom Essay - 1685 Words

Discuss Sartre’s theory of the ‘radical freedom’ of consciousness Jean-Paul Sartre in his book ‘Being and Nothingness’ provided us with a new interpretation of freedom consistent with his famous account on existentialism. This is the view that existence precedes its essence: â€Å"In a word, man must create his own essence: it is in throwing himself into the world, suffering there, struggling there, that he gradually defines himself† (Sartre, 1943), (Onof, 2016). Here, Sartre stated that humans are completely free and that this comes at a cost, as ultimately, we have the burden of responsibility. Nonetheless, of main consideration, is discussing Sartre’s theory of the ‘radical freedom’ of consciousness. This view is where he explained that at every second of decision-making, we have the possibility to modify ourselves, i.e. by participating in what Sartre calls ‘new projects’. But, this view is undermined, as it has the potential to jeopardise our very existence in the world (Onof, 2016). In this essay, I will be providing one explanation of what ‘freedom’ entails for Sartre and this will be followed by a brief explanation of a contrasting account brought forward by Thomas Hobbes, who saw freedom as the ability to do whatever one wishes to do. I will then move onto explaining Sartre’s account on free will, of the different views he adopted and expanded on. I will then explain what makes his explanation on freedom so ‘radical’. This will be followed by a discussion of some ofShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Know Thyself 1499 Words   |  6 Pagesand eastern philosophy and modern with ancient philosophy. When Sartre takes up the question in Transcendence of the Ego, it marks a fundamental shift in the western philosophical tradition. Beginning with Descartes, and continuing up to Kant and Husserl, the I was something internal that we had immediate and certain access to, Sartre challenges this notion, by suggesting that the ego is an object transcendent to consciousness. Sartre s claim of the transcendence of the ego will be analysed, alongRead MoreThe Artist : An Artist1444 Words   |  6 Pagesis precisely that which he will have made. everyone knows there are no aesthetic values, but there are values which will appear in due course in the coherence of the picture, in the relation between the will to create and the finished work† (Sartre.1948,pg 364).This insinuates no one has a preset account of their believes, we don’t just abruptly arise into existence and have an embedded moral compass, as time evolves we are faced to make immensely challenging moral decisions and in the end ourRead MoreEthical Ethics And Ethical Behavior1117 Words   |  5 Pageson sharing Kant s view that ethical standards must be total and all inclusive. Late twentieth-century individuals might be more mindful of differing qualities than Kant was. Accordingly, we may have less certainty than him that what sounds good to us will bode well to other individuals. In any case, in our day as in Kant s, individuals do tend to surmise that there is something else entirely to their ethical convictions than minor social bias. Like every incredible savant, Kant s contentions haveRead MoreMovie Review : The Edge Of Tomorrow 1116 Words   |  5 Pagesof a war against an extraterrestrial enemy who has the ability to reset the day and know the future. Cage finds himself being enabled with that same power as he killed a leading ‘mimic’ in one scene which resulting in the blood being burnt onto Cage s face. From then on, Cage can reset the day if he was murdered or had committed suicide from a specific point in the movie and be able to remember what happened previously. This scene can be related to the idea of free will as it shows that Cage has theRead MoreExistentialism vs Essentialism23287 Words   |  94 Pagesthat things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are, amp; that the task of science and philosophy is their discovery amp; expression; the doctrine that essence is prior to existence While, Existentialism:A philosophical theory or approach, that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free amp; responsible agent, determining their own development through acts of the will. Existentialism * is a philosophical term which posits that individuals createRead MoreExistentialism : Wild ( 2014 ) And Into The Wild1739 Words   |  7 Pagestheir family, friends and everything else they know from the society, they are attempting to find a meaning and purpose to their lives. Watching these two movies, I discovered that, both main characters need the Nature as a catalyst to regain their freedom, to find their true identity and to understand the meaning of their lives. To figure out the reason behind their existences, both decide to go a on a life changing adventure in the nature that might kill them or set them free forever. Doing a compareRead More Charles Wright Mills Essay examples1549 Words   |  7 Pagesalso an active member of the American Sociological Society, serving as vice president from 1947 to 1948. During the last two years of his life, Mills became a public figure. His tracts against cold War and the U. S. Latin American policy were more widely read than any other radical. As his popularity grew, his Listen, Yankee was featured on the cover of Harpers Magazine. As he was preparing for a television network debate, he suffered a heart attack in December 1960. On March 20, 1962, MillsRead MoreThe Life and Achievements of Charles Wright Mi lls Essay1675 Words   |  7 Pagesalso an active member of the American Sociological Society, serving as vice president from 1947 to 1948. During the last two years of his life, Mills became a public figure. His tracts against cold War and the U. S. Latin American policy were more widely read than any other radical. As his popularity grew, his Listen, Yankee was featured on the cover of Harpers Magazine. As he was preparing for a television network debate, he suffered a heart attack in December 1960. On March 20, 1962, MillsRead MorePhilosophy comparing libertarianism, compatibilism, and determinism2363 Words   |  10 Pagesright. The first viewpoint regarding human freedom is determinism. The thesis of the determinist is that, â€Å"Every event (including human actions) has a cause, and the chain of causes leading to any given action by an agent extends back in time to some point before the agent was born† (Koons, 2002, p. 81). This means that there is no such thing as free will, and that there is only one choice we could ever make â€Å"The determinist view of human freedom is typically based off of the scientific modelRead MoreExistentialism : Wild ( 2014 ) And Into The Wild1779 Words   |  8 Pagestheir family, friends and everything else they know from the society, they are attempting to find the meaning and purpose to their lives. Watching these two movies, I discovered that both main characters need the Nature as a catalyst to regain their freedom, to find their true identity and to understand the meaning of their lives. To figure out the reason behind their existences, both decide to go on a life changing adventure that might kill them or set them free forever. Doing a compare and contrast

Ecological Imperialism by Alfred W. Crosby - 1117 Words

In the book Ecological Imperialism: The Biological expansion of Europe, 900-1900 the author, Alfred W. Crosby, answers many questions about the history of European expansion. It is a well written and thought out book with great analogies and detailed information that help the reader understand what exactly Crosby is trying to say. He starts off his book by explaining what the Neo-Europes are. They are a population who settled in the temperate zones and are mainly European descents. The questions he is attempting to explain is why there is a substantial mass of Europeans in these different lands which were so far-flung from Europe. The European emigrants have scattered among many lands in the world, and have become the leading ethnic group in most regions outside of Europe. In addition, Crosby reflects on how the Neo-Europes were able to provide vast food excess. His most important question though, is if European humans have triumphed because of their superiority in arms, organizatio n and fanaticism... or Perhaps the success of European imperialism has a biological, an ecological, component.(p.7) Further in the book Crosby explains his questions to the readers. First and foremost, the history of the stone age is important. The first humans created stepping stones to create a different future that is today. Looking back in history there were massively giant creatures that we couldnt even imagine roaming the earth today. Dating back to the stone age they succeededShow MoreRelatedEcological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe Essay846 Words   |  4 PagesEcological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900, by ecological historian Alfred W. Crosby explores how â€Å"portmanteau biota†, helped Europeans to eradicate whole societies in the Neo-Europes (xv, 89). Crosby believes that temperate zones, climates similar to that of Europe, allowed European biota to thrive, which allowed for European expansion. Crosby discusses the Nor se invasions and the Crusades as examples of how Europeans were not able to expand. Crosby claims that climateRead MoreNature Responsible For Success Of Europe s Expansion1987 Words   |  8 Pagesplaces around the world that are not Europe. The author of Ecological Imperialism: the Biological Expansion of Europe, Alfred W. Crosby, makes this question the main point in his book and thoroughly addresses his viewpoint as the answer. The places these people live are what Crosby likes to call, the Neo-Europes, â€Å"lands thousands of kilometers from Europe and from each other† but are lands that are conquered by the Europeans (Crosby 2). Crosby believes that the reason the Europeans were able to succeedRead More The Impact of European Diseases in the New World Essay1987 Words   |  8 Pagesable to combat these new afflictions because they were new to their systems. Small pox, whooping cough, chicken pox, scarlet fever, influenza and many more had long been around in Europe an d the colonists had developed resistance to most of them. (Crosby, 198) When a disease has existed in a community for years, the members of said community develop a natural, inherited defense after some generations. After initial entrance, the disease runs through the population and the more susceptible individualsRead More Disease and Native American Demise During the European Conquest of the New World3721 Words   |  15 Pagesadulthood were immune because of this. When smallpox is contracted during childhood one either fights it off or dies. Statistics show eighty percent of smallpox victims were under ten years of age, and seventy percent were under two years of age (Crosby, 1986). Smallpox was truly a childhood disease. Small pox was not the only infectious disease to invade Europe. Measles, diphtheria, wooping cough, chicken pox, malaria, typhoid fever, yellow fever, scarlet fever, and influenza also struck EuropeRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Liv es and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesthe planetary environment. From multinational corporations to impoverished peasants burning away the rain forest for land to plant their crops or pasture their cattle, he seeks to identify the specific agents responsible for both pollution and ecological degradation. And he tracks underlying trends and factors—such as rapid population growth, rampant consumerism, and global warfare—that have contributed to global climate change. Tucker concludes his rather pessimistic assessment of these key

Bartel Essay Example For Students

Bartel Essay I began my Hawthorne reading task with The Birth-Mark. I picked this story because I am familiar with the Maypole of Merrymount and Young Goodman Brown, and I wanted to try something different. I was pleasantly surprised with The Birth-Mark, in my mind it far surpasses the latter two stories. I think one of the most admirable traits of Hawthorne is his ability to write as though actions are taking place somewhere in the present. Aylmer could very well live today, somewhere in the world with his laboratory in the backyard. Men like Young Goodman Brown are everywhere in todays society, and, still, there are those who try and destroy that which they do not understand or refuse to understand like the Puritans in The Maypole of Merrymount. The Birth-Mark grapples with the scientific progress of the time. I think the theme of humans trying to control nature with unfavorable results is prevalent in many works of the time, most notably Frankenstein. The fixation that Aylmer has on Georgianas birthmark is unnatural. Hawthorne correlates this quest for perfection with Aylmers intentions of formulating an elixir of life and mastering the art of alchemy. Maybe Hawthorne is drawing a parallel here between the scientists of his day trying to control nature and by the failure of scientists to do this in the past. Aylmers attempt to control nature leads to the death of his wife which is unnecessary, she is quite content with the minor facial blemish until he makes a big deal about it. Maybe this too is a parallel between the mass majority being content with the state of the world and a certain few who would like to make it better, and, in turn, destroy it. I can understand Hawthornes idea. I live in constant fear of nuclear war and the technology that has made it available. But, I am grateful for the medical advances we have today. It is a double-edge sword. I am not implying that Aylmer is an evil man, I do not think he is aware of the chaos he can arouse. In fact, he is merely concerned with progress and saving humans from their own mortality and humanness. There is one imparticular line from the story that I sound most engaging: Hawthornes description The scenery and the figures of actual life were perfectly represented, but with that bewitching, yet indescribably difference, which always makes a picture, an image, or a shadow, so much more attractive than the original. When I read this I stopped mid-story. This is a common theme throughout Romantic poetry I have encountered. Immediately it reminded me of Shellys To A Sky-Lark and Ode on a Grecian Urn by Keats. Both of these poems describe unattainable perfection. The skylarks song is beautiful, but it flies so high we are unable to see the creature and hense, the song seems to come from the heavens. In Ode, Keats spends much time describing the beauty of the grecian scene on the  vase but then refutes it withcold pastoral. Those two words could describe this short story. From the outside, Aylmer thinks that everything on Georgiana would be perfect if she didnt have the birthmark. What he doesnt realize is perfection is unattainable, except in our minds. The Maypole of Merrymount describes a maypole, and its significance in American history. Hawthorne creates a scene of revelry almost a Mardi Gras scene and has it destroyed by the Puritans. This story reminds me of the Christian Creation Story with the maypole being the Garden of Eden and the Puritans being allegorical figures of Satan. Hawthorne seems to blame the demise of the American freespirit on the Puritans. I dont have much to comment on this story; it is really a cut and dry case. I think Hawthorne is harsh on the Puritans. I read somewhere that the view we have of the Puritans today is somewhat misleading. They did not always wear black and never laughed. Maybe to some, they did cause the utopic garden of America to be shattered. After reading The Maypole of Merry Mount and Young Goodman Brown it is quite obvious the contempt Hawthorne holds for the Puritans. .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .postImageUrl , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:hover , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:visited , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:active { border:0!important; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:active , .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018 .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u30381bb9ba790c7e511ed845e8c41018:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Brian Friel"s Translations EssayIn Young Goodman Brown, Brown is led on a path where he encounters the devil and realizes that everyone surrounding him in his Puritan neighborhood is evil at heart. He learns his father and grandfather before him did the devils work, as well as the women he holds with utmost admiration. Brown turns from Faith his wife in one sense and his actual faith in another when he learns that everything he believed in is a sham. I feel as though I cannot write about this story without mentioning the fact that it is a story about good and evil where evil prevails. Goodman Brown is a weak man presumably coming from weak stock. I suppose according to Hawthorne it is the existence of Puritan blood in his veins, which makes him a cowardly man. He is a conformist, instead of standing against the wrongs of his community he embraces the same fate as everyone else. The theme of the story carries through to todays society. Oftentimes people will join groups or subscribe to ideologies they otherwise would not due to that fact that so many of their kin and respected leaders do. The story made me think of Thoreau. In Civil Disobedience, Thoreau actions toward the Mexican War are the antitheses of those that would have been done by Young Goodman Brown.